Home  >  Fourth Edition  >  Chapter 51
Chapter 51 –  Censorship and Content Filtering
     Lee Tien
     Seth Finkelstein

Chapter Contents:

   51.1    Introduction
   51.1.1    Scope of This Chapter: Government Intervention
   51.1.2    Whose Laws; Whose Standards?
   51.1.3    Defining Objectional Material: International Differences    Sex    Hate    Politics and Culture
   51.2    The U.S. Context: First Amendment Rights
   51.2.1    What Does the First Amendment Protect?
   51.2.2    Basic First Amendment Principles    Harm/Causation    Neutrality    Precision    Background Doubt-Resolution Principles
   51.2.3    Limitations on Government Interference with Speech    Distinction between Substantive Tests and Procedural Safeguards: Example of Prior Restraints    Levels of Substantive Scrutiny and the Issue of Content Neutrality    Types of Procedural Scrutiny: Vagueness and Overbreadth
   51.2.4    Exceptions Where Speech Can Legally Be Limited    Neutral Laws of General Applicability    Constitutionalization of Crimes and Torts: Advocacy of Illegality, Threats, and Defamation    "Fighting Words," Obscenity, and Child Pornography (So-called "Unprotected Speech")    Less-Protected Speech, Media, and Recipients
   51.2.5    Legislation and Legislative Initiatives in the United States
   51.2.6    Attempts to Control Access: Case Law    Public Libraries    Public Schools
   51.3    Filtering Technology
   51.3.1    Underlying Principles
   51.3.2    Legal Aspects of Censorware Investigation
   51.3.3    Vulnerabilities and Exploits
   51.3.4    Performance
   51.3.5    Parental Involvement/Responsibility
   51.4    Summary
   51.5    Notes
   51.6    For Further Reading

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